The process of configuring the router and wireless setup has gotten a lot simpler over time. However, using the advice I’ve provided here to setup a router will make things even easier. Additionally, you’ll have peace of mind knowing that your home network is protected to the fullest extent possible.
Using a smartphone or tablet, you can complete the initial setup and any necessary tweaks to your router’s settings. Using a browser-based user interface is becoming less and less common among businesses. It’s in your best interest to have both options available to you so you can make a decision (personally, I prefer using the web browser because the display connected to my PC is bigger and easier to see).
Routers exist in a variety of versions, which you should be aware of. You might ask some of your friends for recommendations on the best routers available in the market. Every router comes with manual & factory defaults that will guide you through the configuration process and help you setup a router. Still, if you can’t figure out how to configure a router. Don’t worry, this article will guide you on how to set up a router in simple steps without hiring anyone to install it at your home or office.
Before you begin:
Check Internet connection
The router setup process can be frustrating if you don’t have a strong internet connection. Connecting a computer to your Internet service provider’s modem or gateway device is the quickest and easiest method. The setup of the router is complete once your computer is connected and detects an Internet connection.
Here’s another step that “seems obvious,” but will save your time and frustration during setup. Observe your router’s settings with the help of the router’s documentation for hidden information like the default username and password. Look for these on stickers or slips of paper.
Look for an app
Mobile apps and web dashboards are common features provided by router manufacturers. You may be able to set up your router without having to use a computer if you use a smartphone app. To see if there is a mobile app available, consult the router’s documentation.
Set up and extend the antenna
In that case, you’ll have to connect the router’s antennas to the router box. Before you begin the setup, be sure to extend the antennas.
Step 1: Place your wireless router
The best place for your wireless device is in the middle of your house or in the open area suggested by all router manufacturers. As a result, there will be the evenest distribution of coverage. It’s also nearly impossible for the majority of people to accomplish because your router must be connected to your broadband gateway (ISP) of an internet service provider. A cable modem, DSL modem, or even a fiber gateway—if you’re lucky—is always mounted on a perimeter wall.
Connect to power
Once powered on, the router’s blinky lights should illuminate. A light should be visible when the router is correctly plugged in and turned on. Wait a few moments after trying to plug in the router, as it may start taking a few moments to start up.
Step 2: Connect to the Internet
Pick a good mesh router or a cable to connect the router
A CAT5e or CAT6 cable can be used to connect the router to the ISP gateway’s Ethernet port in order to eliminate any issues with “long-distance” when connecting a router. In order to connect your router to a central location in your office, you can also run Ethernet cables through the walls of your building.
Another option is to use a router to set up a mesh network. Allows for multiple Wi-Fi transmitters to be placed throughout your home or office, all on the same Wi-Fi network. To use a mesh network, you will need a specific brand and model of router, as opposed to an extender, which you can connect to any wireless router.
Regardless of which option you select, you’ll be using a standard Ethernet cable that connects to the router’s wide-area network (WAN) or Internet port. A different color distinguishes the Internet port from the rest.
Check the LED lights on the router
LED lights on your router indicate whether or not you’ve successfully connected to the Internet. It’s possible that you haven’t connected the cable correctly if you don’t see any lights indicating that it’s connected properly.
Connect a device and see if it works
Plug a laptop into one of the ports on the back of your router and see if the connection works. If everything goes according to plan, you should be able to establish a wired connection in the same way you established an Internet connection.
Step 3: Configure wireless router gateway
WAN IP address (the unique Internet Protocol address that your ISP assigns to your account) and all network traffic will need to be routed through your new router if your gateway has an integrated router.
You’ll need to know the gateway’s IP address (which is usually printed on a label on the device). A web browser window will open with the gateway’s configuration screen accessible via the IP address you typed in.
There are gateways that work with a secondary router in “bridge mode,” and there are others that don’t. Some ISPs won’t let you set up the gateway on your own, so you’ll need assistance from your ISP.
I have a Motorola NVG510 DSL gateway/router. Passthrough mode can be enabled by logging into your router and going to Firewall > Passthrough Mode > Setting it to “passthrough.” The passthrough mode is then changed to “DHCPS-fixed” and the router’s MAC address (Media Access Control) is provided.
As previously mentioned, DHCPS stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Server, and it automatically assigns IP addresses dynamically to the devices on your home network. The MAC address is a unique identifier for a router. Routers can only have one MAC address, and no two are the same. Even if your gateway goes through a different process, the end result will be the same.
The Wi-Fi access point on your gateway should be turned off so you don’t have a second, pointless Wi-Fi network. Restart your gateway after you’ve finished making these modifications.
Step 4: Connect your gateway to your new router
Turn off your gateway (if there isn’t an on/off switch, unplug the power supply). Unplug the ethernet cable from the gateway’s LAN port and connect it to your router’s WAN port instead (once again, some routers have dedicated WAN and LAN ports; others have auto-sensing ports).
You should have received an Ethernet cable with your router if there isn’t an ethernet cable plugged into the gateway’s LAN port already. This is how you connect your gateway to your router using a WAN cable. Restart your gateway and give it a few minutes to finish loading. Put your router’s power supply in the slot and turn it on. Give it a few minutes more to finish loading.
If the router manufacturer has provided a mobile app, it is the most convenient way to proceed with router setup. An Ethernet cable can be used if there is no app or if you prefer to use the router’s web-based dashboard.
Type 192.168.1.1 into the browser search bar if you can’t find the router’s IP address on the back of the device itself.
Step 6: Change your wireless router’s admin password
For configuring routers and wireless settings, many router manufacturers offer smartphone apps. If your new router has one, make use of it (in some cases, that might be the only way you can configure the router). Otherwise, you can connect your PC to the router using an ethernet cable and use the browser-based user interface.
In the browser search bar, type in the router’s IP address and press the Enter key. The router’s IP address is usually printed on the device itself and will appear as 192.168.1.1 or a variation of that value.
You’ll need the admin username and password for your router to log in. Depending on your router, this information may be printed on the device itself or in the user manual. Press Enter after entering the necessary login information to access your account. The default admin password is insecure, and you should change it right away. Write it down or use a password manager program to keep track of it.
Later on, you’ll want to make adjustments and updates, so keep it handy. If you lose your admin password, you’ll have to reset your computer, which will erase all of your customizations.
Step 7: Update the router’s firmware
Firmware updates are frequently made available after the router has been shipped by the manufacturer. Keep an eye out for critical bug fixes in the new firmware, as well as security and performance enhancements. Although most routers will check for new firmware updates. Users must use the router’s configuration app.
Step 8: Set a password for Wi Fi network
Some routers come pre-configured with a Wi-Fi password when they leave the factory (they might even put it on a label on the router itself). When you first set up your router, many of them will at the very least prompt you to create one. As a minimum, set the router to use WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access, second-generation).
WEP (Wired Equivalent Password), a much older security protocol, is dangerously insecure and should never be used. Although it is no longer used by default on most new routers, older models may still support it if you have devices that can only communicate using WEP. This category of wireless devices should be retired because even a casual hacker can compromise your entire network if you continue to use them.
Different router models have different procedures for configuring your Wi-Fi settings. The configuration options are normally found under the Wireless and Connectivity tabs (but not the Security tab, which is where you might expect them to be).
If your router is a dual-band model, you’ll have to create separate passwords for the 2.4GHz and 5GHz bands. While they can be different passwords, using the same one for each will make you happier (and it won’t make you any more secure either).
It’s best to use a password that’s at least eight characters long, preferably more. If you don’t have a great memory, a password manager will come in handy once again in this situation. You’ll also have to create a password for any guest networks you run.
Step 9: Set up Security
Many router manufacturers include security features to protect both the network and the privacy of their customers. You can protect yourself from malicious traffic by logging into the web dashboard and enabling additional security features such as firewall, web filtering, and access controls. If you’re concerned about privacy, another option is to use virtual private networks (VPNs).
Step 10: Enjoy the new Wi-Fi network!
With luck, you should be able to use the new Wi-Fi password you just generated to access your new home network now! You should use your router’s guest network if it has one if not. Your guests can still use the internet service, but they won’t be able to connect to other computer systems or storage devices on your network.
How to Configure Quality of Service (QoS)
Online entertainment benefits greatly from QoS, as previously stated. As a result, your favorite streaming site or online game may experience a boost in performance as a result of using this feature. Most routers have a traffic monitoring tab in their app or configuration page. Find the Quality of Service (QoS) tab by clicking on this.
Prioritizing certain services, such as video streaming or online games, is possible if you enable Quality of Service (QoS).
In addition, QoS options allow you to monitor the distribution of your total bandwidth by device, allowing you to identify anyone who is consuming more bandwidth than they should be.
A guest network is useful if you want to keep your personal data and files safe from unauthorized access. To set things up, go to your router’s app/config page and select wireless. Most routers disable guest networks by default, so this is usually a page to enable one. Setup the network by confirming the name and password.
Difference between a wired connection and a wireless router?
To use a wired router, you’ll need a cable to connect it to the devices you want to power. There is no need for a cable with a Wi-Fi router. If you have a lot of people in your house using a lot of different devices connected, you’ll have to make sure your house is ready with Wi-Fi connection.
What does a router do and how does it work?
An internet router allows you to connect multiple devices to your modem at the same time by splitting the internet signal. One wired device, such as a desktop computer, can only be connected to the active internet connection at a time if you have a router.
Can I change the router login username and password?
No, the router login user name cannot be changed but you can change the admin password.
2.4GHz or 5GHz? Which Frequency Should I Use?
You can link your client devices to either the 2.4GHz or the 5GHz band of a dual-band Wi-Fi 5 or Wi-Fi 6 router. If you have a tri-band router, you get an additional 5GHz band for gaming and video streaming. The short-range performance of a 2.4GHz connection can be improved with a 5GHz connection.
This is due to the shorter wavelengths of 5GHz, which means that it can’t travel as far or transmit through certain objects. There is less congestion and more channel options in the 2.4 GHz band, but it travels further.