How to Update Router Firmware: What is a Router Firmware?

How to Update Router Firmware: What is a Router Firmware?

Your router acts as a barrier between hackers and all of your Wi-Fi devices. However, unless you keep your router’s firmware up to date, it won’t be able to stop new threats. Here’s how to update your router’s firmware to increase the efficiency of all your devices while also increasing security at home.

What is a Router Firmware?

The software that is installed on your router. Network protocols, security, and administrative controls are all provided by this software. Users configure security and administrative parameters in a router’s firmware stored on a read-only memory chip inside the router. The firmware of the router can be upgraded by the user.


  • To get the best signal, best speed, and more security, it’s a good idea to update your router’s firmware.
  • The login details for your router may vary depending on the router manufacturer’s website.
  • To reach the device before conducting the router’s firmware updates, you must first determine its IP address.
  • Ensure that your router has a stable internet connection and that the upgrade process is not interrupted.
  • Check your router manufacturer’s website for a user router’s manual that includes specific instructions for your make and model. Some routers upgrade their firmware automatically.

Updating the Router Firmware

The router searches for new firmware. If the firmware is available, click Yes. After you click Yes, do not try to go online, turn off the router, or do anything else to the router until it finishes restarting. The firmware update starts and the router restarts. The firmware update process can take a few minutes.

If you want to update your router’s firmware with a web browser, follow these instructions. To check for new firmware and update your router: Connect your computer to your router with an Ethernet cable. Launch a web browser and enter into the address bar. The router login window displays. Enter the router admin user name and password.

Step 1 (find your WIFI router’s model number)

The first step is to find your WIFI router’s model number, which may usually be found on the bottom or back of the device.

We’ve provided a couple of different router types. A VPN router, wireless router, or WI FI router may not look exactly like the ones shown, but there is a label on your WIFI router with your model number.

Belkin Router Model Number | How to update router firmware

TP-link router model number | How to update router firmware

Step 2 (Search for Router Firmware Files in Google)

Google “update router firmware” and your model number.

Note: firmware is the name for the software that runs your router’s Wifi network.

For example, Google: update firmware router TPLink  Archer AX10

google the model number of your router for firmware file

Step 3 (Open the Brand Site)

  • Search for the support tab or link on your WIFI router website.
  • In general, the example below will look the same.

  • Click on the Support Tab

  • You will see a list of many routers. Type in the model number of your WIFI router or click on the model to open your WIFI Router support page.

Step 4 (Download the Firmware File)

  • Click on the Firmware button.

Find the router device to download the router firmware file

  • Follow the instructions for selecting the hardware version you want, some WIFI routers have many firmware versions or upgrade options, so be sure that you have the right firmware version for your hardware.

Find your router and download a firmware file

  • Download the latest firmware.
  • You can see a warning of security pop up.
  • Check double to make sure you’re on the official website of the manufacturer.
  • Once you confirm yourself, go ahead and click on “Keep”.
  • You will be able to see the downloaded “firmware” when it’s completed.

Download Update firmware file | How to update router firmware


Step 5 (Follow the Installation Guide)

  • Download the correct firmware file for the hardware version of your router. Log in to the router’s administrative console.
  • Open the router’s IP address as a URL in a web browser, such as in the address bar if your router’s IP address is
  • These are common default IP addresses for some of the more popular wireless router brands.
  • Follow the instructions from the manufacturer’s website for firmware installation If you’re using a different Router. Most of them have a similar way for firmware installation.

Step 6 (Access Router Settings)

  • We are going to use a TP-Link router to access the router so open your web browser.
  • Put in the space where you write the website URL or search bar.
  • The screen shows the router’s gateway and asks for login information such as username and password.

Default Username and Password

Default Router Username And Password List

If you are looking for the default router password, go to the router passwords website, where you can type in the router’s name in the available dropdown menu to find out the default passwords.

Router Passwords

Although the router’s default username and password can be obtained from the above-mentioned website link, the table below contains default login information on a number of popular routers.

In the market, there are various models of routers from well-known and large router manufacturers such as HP Compaq Cisco, etc. and each model uses a different IP with different usernames and passwords and this is not mentioned in the list below. It is, however accessible through the aforementioned website.

Router Brand Default IP Address Default Username Default Password
1 3Com admin Admin
2 Belkin admin admin
3 BenQ admin Admin
4 D-Link admin Admin
5 Digicom admin Michelangelo
6 Linksys admin Admin
7 Netgear admin password
8 Sitecom sitecom Admin
9 Asus admin admin
10 Synology admin Admin
11 Arris admin password
12 Apple iphoneIOS4.X root alpine
13 DELL admin password
14 Huawei ADSL2+ admin admin
15 Netcomm admin password
16 Netstar admin password
17 SAMSUNG admin password
18 Sigma admin admin
19 SUN admin admin
20 Telco systems telco telco
21 TENDA admin admin
22 ZCOM root admin
23 ZTE admin admin

Step 7 (Upload the File and Update)

  • Once you enter the TP-Link router. You will see an interface.
  • Simply go to System Tools > Firmware Upgrade.
  • On the right, you can see an option to “choose file”.
  • Click on “Choose File” and upload the firmware file that we downloaded from the TP-Link Support tab.
  • Click on the Upgrade button.

choosing a file to update firmware

After the firmware is fully updated, 

Let the firmware upgrade progress until it’s completed; this will take at least a few minutes. Reboot the router once the firmware has been fully applied. This should happen automatically, but if it doesn’t, you can manually restart the router by pressing and holding down the reset button, which is usually found at the back of the device. 

Press and hold the button for 10 seconds or more. You should see your lights flicker or turn off and on. There’s a chance that your router will revert to factory settings or factory defaults, possibly disrupting your wireless network connections if you changed any default settings for it.

If this happens, you will want to spend some more time in your router’s settings webpage to tweak router settings back to where you had them or run through the setup process again to get everything in working order.

Common WIFI Router IT Support Numbers

Manufacturer Support Number
Cisco +1 (800) 553-6387
NETGEAR +1 (888) 638-4327
ASUS +1 (888) 678-3688
LINKSYS +1 (800) 326-7114
D-Link +1 (800) 326-1688
TP-Link +1 (866) 225-8139
Belkin +1 (800) 223-5546
Google +1 (866) 246-6453
Apple +1 (800) 692-7753
Motorola +1 (877) 466-8846

Why Upgrade the Router Firmware?

The firmware in your router is in charge of the operating system that’s specific to your router’s make and model. A vulnerability in the current firmware may be fixed by a firmware update file from your router’s manufacturer. Updated firmware is released when bugs are found and fixed, allowing users to take advantage of the new features.

A router’s firmware update, such as adding parental control settings or IPv6 support, may be issued by the router’s manufacturer as well. Adding entirely new security mechanisms that weren’t in previous firmware versions could also be part of an upgrade.

It’s possible that your router manufacturer has made performance improvements in addition to security fixes, which is always a plus.


Updating the router firmware is easy when you follow the instructions in the article above.

Firmware serves as a barrier between your computer and the router’s network, protecting your personal information. As a result, updating your firmware is critical because it serves as a shield. Firmware updates are patches for all the software’s bugs and glitches in the previous version released by the manufacturer.

Various firmware, including Tomato, OpenWrt, and DD-WRT, is compatible with ExpressVPN for routers. If you have any problems, live chat customer service is available 24/7.

Taking care of the hardware is a must as well. This is the same as installing an antivirus program on your computer.