Types of Router
1. Wireless Router
Wireless routers may be found in the office, at home, at the railway station, and so on. It sends out a wireless signal. Assume you’re at work; we can connect to the Internet through wireless signals since your laptop is within range. By inputting a user ID and password, we can keep our routers safe.
2. Wired Router
A wired router is a type of router designed like a box connecting directly to computers through “hard-lined” or wired connections. The router may connect to a modem to receive data packets from the Internet through one port, and the cable router can connect to PCs to distribute data packets from the Internet through another set of ports. Some wired routers have connections for transmitting data to fax machines and phones. Ethernet broadband routers are one of the most prevalent forms of wired routers.
These Routers support Network Address Translation technology (NAT), allowing several computers connected to a wired router to share the same IP address. Packet inspection firewalls (SPI) are often used in wired routers for security, and routers utilize Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to communicate between computers on a network.
3. Edge Router
Edge-Router is a wired or wireless router that delivers data packets between one or more networks, but not within a network. As their name implies, edge routers are placed at or near the network’s edge and link to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) or other companies’ networks. Their role is to ensure that your network is always linked to other networks.
4. Core Router
Core-Router is a router that runs on the Internet’s backbone or core. It supports a wide range of high-speed telecommunication interfaces and is widely utilized on the Internet. Core Router can send IP packets at full speed to all of them. It is compatible with the routing protocol used in the core. Core Router will use the network to distribute Internet data bundles. The core, on the other hand, will not disseminate internet data packets.
5. Virtual Router
By default, some companies utilize a shared computer network. When they deactivate the primary router or it fails, it follows the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) becomes active. To share a virtual IP address, a group of routers is necessary. Each group that handles IP packets has a master. If the first device fails to forward packets, the secondary device will take over.
6. Software Router
Software routers are similar to Hardware routers in that they do not require a separate hardware box to operate. A Windows, Netware, or Linux server can be used. They’re all equipped with routing capabilities.
Even though Companies frequently employ software routers as gateways and firewalls in big computer network systems, each form of the router has its unique set of features and meaning.
Software routers have a restricted WAN port and LAN connectivity is provided by additional ports or cards, therefore they cannot replace hardware routers.
All cards and ports with built-in routing capabilities will handle WAN routing and more, depending on their setup and bandwidth.
7. Hardware Router
These are pieces of hardware that come with unique firmware knowledge from the maker. They conduct routing using their routing skills. In addition to the standard routing feature, they include a few unique characteristics.
8. Subscriber Edge Router
The end-user organization owns this sort of router (enterprise). Subscriber Edge Router sends external BGP traffic to the AS provider.