Types of Router: Different Kinds of Router

Types of Router

A router is an electrical device that transmits data from one device to another over an internet cable. It also serves as a wireless access point, transmitting data through radio waves. Router converts your internet connection’s data stream into radio waves. Wi-Fi-enabled gadgets such as cellphones, laptops, and tablets are the source of these signals.
Routers take packets from one linked network and send them to another. If a received packet has a host address from a network other than the router’s, the router evaluates which of its linked networks is the optimal next relay point for that packet. A router will forward a packet to the destination network after it has found the optimal path for it. We are going to identify different types of routers in this article but before we do it we must know what is a router and how it works.

What is a Router?

Using a router, you can wirelessly connect your laptop, smart speaker, smartphone, and tablet to the internet using WiFi. A router connects to your ISP’s modem or the modem you already own. When it comes to speed, wired connections beat WiFi hands down, but they’re not nearly as convenient—unless you don’t mind running dozens of feet of Ethernet cable from your router in the living room to your Roku in the bedroom.

As a result, finding the best wireless router for your needs is critical if you don’t want to be bound by your Internet connection.

A wireless router may already be included in your internet service from your ISP (Internet Service Provider). Either the router and modem form one unit or the router and modem form two separate units.

However, if your current router is too sluggish or has a limited wireless range, you’ll want to replace it. Even more so now, when a reliable WiFi network is practically a requirement for every waking moment of the day.

Types of Router

Here is the most up-to-date list of all the different types of router you should be aware of. Take a look at this extensive list.

1. Wireless Router

Wireless RouterA wireless router establishes a wireless local area network (WLAN). Wireless routers may be found in the office, at home, at the railway station, and so on. It sends out a wireless signal. Assume you’re at work; we can connect to the Internet through wireless signals since your laptop is within range. By inputting a user ID and password, we can keep our routers safe.

When we attempt to connect to the router, it prompts us for a password and User Id. We don’t compromise on the personal information of the user for security reasons. When we visit public locations, we may see that our phone supports the WIFI window for internet use, and it may be password secured. Wi-Fi routers are widely available. N number of users can connect to it.

2. Wired Router

Wired RouterA wired router is a type of router designed like a box connecting directly to computers through “hard-lined” or wired connections. The router may connect to a modem to receive data packets from the Internet through one port, and the cable router can connect to PCs to distribute data packets from the Internet through another set of ports. Some wired routers have connections for transmitting data to fax machines and phones. Ethernet broadband routers are one of the most prevalent forms of wired routers.

These Routers support Network Address Translation technology (NAT), allowing several multiple computers connected to a wired router to share the same IP address. Packet inspection firewalls (SPI) are often used in wired routers for security, and routers utilize Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to communicate between computers on a network.

3. Edge Router

Edge Router

Edge-Router is a wired or wireless router that delivers data packets between one or more multiple networks, but not within a network. As their name implies, edge routers are placed at or near the network’s edge and link to Internet Service Providers (ISPs) or other companies’ networks. Their role is to ensure that your network is always linked to multiple networks.

4. Core Router

Core Router

Core-Router is a router that runs on the Internet’s backbone or core. It supports a wide range of high-speed telecommunication interfaces and is widely utilized on the Internet. Core Router can send IP packets at full speed to all of them. It is compatible with the routing protocol used in the core. Core Router will use the network to distribute Internet data bundles. The core, on the other hand, will not disseminate internet data packets.

5. Virtual Router

Virtual Router

By default, some companies utilize a shared computer network. When they deactivate the primary router or it fails, it follows the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) becomes active. To share a virtual IP address, a group of routers is necessary. Each group that handles IP packets has a master. If the first device fails to forward packets, the secondary device will take over.

6. Software Router

Software Router

Software routers are similar to Hardware routers in that they do not require a separate hardware box to operate. A Windows, Netware, or Linux server can be used. They’re all equipped with routing capabilities.

Even though Companies frequently employ software routers as gateways and firewalls in big computer network systems, each form of the router has its unique set of features and meaning.

Software routers have a restricted WAN port and wired Local Area Network (LAN) connectivity is provided by additional ports or cards, therefore they cannot replace hardware routers.

All cards and ports with built-in routing capabilities will handle WAN routing and more, depending on their setup and bandwidth.

7. Hardware Router

Hardware Router

These are pieces of hardware that come with unique firmware knowledge from the maker. They conduct routing using their routing skills. In addition to the standard routing feature, they include a few unique characteristics.

8. Subscriber Edge Router

Subscriber Edge Router

The end-user organization owns this sort of router (enterprise). Subscriber Edge Router sends external BGP traffic to the AS provider.

9. VPN Router

VPN Router

In general, a VPN router is nothing more than a standard Gigabit router with VPN client software pre-installed. The VPN router protects all connected devices at all times. VPN routers can provide numerous advantages of VPN connections to all devices, regardless of where they are located: at home, in the office, or in the company. The following are the VPN router’s features:

Providing unlimited connectivity

When using a router to connect to a VPN server, you can connect as many devices as you want. Furthermore, you don’t have to be concerned about disclosing your account information when using encrypted connections with friends and visitors (which is generally prohibited under the terms of service of VPN services).

Providing better platform adaptability

VPN protection is not currently supported by popular online media such as Apple TV, Amazon Fire TV, or Chromecast. You can, however, connect them to your VPN router to make them part of the protected device list.

Unblocking application and content

Are you currently in a country that restricts access to particular applications or web content? Using a VPN router, you can connect to the Internet from a different country using an encrypted VPN tunnel.

Logging in once

People frequently overlook the importance of connecting to their VPN or configuring their software to launch automatically when the computer starts. Using a VPN router eliminates all of these concerns. You only need to log in once, and you’re good to go! In the event you frequently use VPN on multiple devices, this is an efficient and practical solution.

Because of the Internet’s rapid growth, various types of network accidents are now occurring frequently. Individuals, families, and businesses alike are increasingly concerned about network security. Good news has come to them as well, thanks to the emergence of VPN routers. Numerous incidents of information leakage have been prevented thanks to the network’s strong protection channel. VPN routers will soon be the hottest items on the market, with users flocking to them as their first choice when shopping for a router.


We all want to learn as much as possible about routers because they are such a common product in the market for network communication. We hope that this analysis of the fundamental information and characteristics of router types will make the process of selecting the correct router a little easier for you whether if it’s for your home or your business.